Reklam

Kulağım Tıkalı ve Ağrıyor

  • 22 Mart 2017
  • 5.620 kez görüntülendi.
Kulağım Tıkalı ve Ağrıyor

Her yaştan kimsede görülebilen kulak tıkanıklığı ve ağrı şikayeti basit nedenlerden olabileceği gibi ciddi sağlık sorunlarından kaynaklı da meydana gelebilmektedir. Genellikle akut seyreden tıkanıklık ve ağrı problemi kimi zaman uzun süreli olabilmekte ve işitme kaybına varan büyük sonuçlar doğurabilmektedir.

Kulak tıkanıklığı ile birlikte seyreden ağrı hissi daha çok basınç değişiminden kaynaklanmaktadır. Dış kulak ile orta kulağı birbirinden ayıran kulak zarının iki yanında ani basınç değişiminin olması kulak tıkanıklığına sebebiyet verebilir. Özellikle uçak yolculuğu sırasında sık rastlanır. Fakat yükseklik/basınç değişimi gibi etkenler dışında tıkanıklığın ve hissedilen ağrının pek çok sebebi olabilir.

Kulak Tıkanıklığı ve Ağrı Nedenleri Nelerdir?

Travma Etkenleri

Basınç değişiminden sonra tıkanıklık ve kulakta ağrının en yaygın nedeni travma etkenleridir. Vücutta işitme ve denge fonksiyonları gibi önemli işlevlere sahip kulakta, alınan darbe veya hasara bağlı olarak ağrı baş gösterebilir. Ağrıyla birlikte kulak tıkanıklığı ve geçici işitme kaybı oluşabilir. Hissedilen ağrı kulağa doğru alınan darbenin şiddetiyle ilgilidir. Çok şiddetli bir fiziksel temas söz konusuysa, kalıcı işitme kaybı ve daha ciddi sağlık sorunlarına yol açabileceğinden, kesinlikle göz ardı edilmemeli ve muhakkak sağlık kuruluşuna gidilmelidir.

Çevresel Etkenler

Yaşanan çevresel etkenler de kulak tıkanıklığı ve ağrı şikayetinde etkilidir. Ani basınç ve yüksek değişimi, kulağa su kaçması durumları tıkanıklık ve ağrıyı tetikleyici olabilir. Özellikle duştan veya denize girdikten sonra kulağa su kaçması, uçak yolculuğunun ardından kulakta tıkanıklık oluşmasına sık rastlanır. Bu tarz etkenlerden kaynaklı şikayet genellikle kısa süreli ve geçicidir. Fakat oluşan tıkanıklık ve ağrı şikayeti bir süredir devam ediyorsa, mutlaka sağlık kuruluşuna gidilmeli ve gerekli tetkik yapılmalıdır.

Enfeksiyonlar

Bakterilerin, zararlı mikroorganizmaların birikmesi akabinde enfeksiyon baş gösterir. Kulakta gözlenen enfeksiyon, iltihaplanmadan ötürü kulakta tıkanıklık ve ağrı şikayeti oluşabilir. Özellikle orta kulak iltihabı rahatsızlığının akabinde kulakta bu tarz problemler meydana gelebilmektedir. Ancak kulakta ağrı ve tıkanıklık tek başına orta kulak iltihabı göstergesi değildir. Beraberinde gözlenen diğer bulguların detaylı izlenmesi gerekmektedir. Orta kulak iltihabının belirtileri şunlardır;

  • Geçici işitme kaybı,
  • Kulakta dolgunluk, doluluk hissi,
  • Kulak ağrısı,
  • Mide bulantısı ve kusma,
  • Yüksek ateş

Eğer kulakta tıkanıklık ve ağrı ile birlikte yukarıda belirtilen bulgulardan diğerleri de gözleniyorsa, orta kulak iltihabı ihtimaline karşılık doktora gidilmesi tavsiye edilir.

Alerjik Durumlar

Bağışıklık sistemimizin bazı yabancı maddelere karşı gösterdiği tepki alerjik durum olarak bilinir. Alerjiyi tetikleyici yabancı maddeler(alerjen madde) kişiden kişiye değişiklik gösterebilir. Bazı etken maddelerden kaynaklı bağışıklık sistemi cevap niteliğinde orta kulakla geniz arasında köprü görevi gören östaki borusunun şişmesini tetikleyebilir. Östaki borusunun şişmesi ve tıkanması sonucundaysa kulak tıkanıklığı ve ağrı şikayeti baş gösterebilir. Bu sebepten oluşan problemi önlemenin en kalıcı yöntemi, alerjen maddelerin belirlenmesi ve bu etken maddelerden uzak durmaktır.

Gürültülü Ortam

Bir diğer çevresel faktörlerden biri de gürültülü ortama maruz kalmaktır. Uzun süre gürültülü ortamda kalmak kulakta hasara yol açabilir. Özellikle eğlence klüplerinde ve ağır iş makinelerinin çalıştığı yerlerde bulunmak kulak yapısına zarar vererek, tıkanıklık ve ağrı hissine sebebiyet verebilmektedir.

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